What is Keratoconus?

by | Apr 23, 2022 | Uncategorized

Keratoconus Specialist Near Me

Collagen, a type of protein found in the eye, helps keep your cornea in position. Whenever these fibers become weak, they lose their ability to keep their shape. Your cornea becomes increasingly cone-shaped.

Keratoconus occurs when your cornea lacks sufficient protective antioxidants. Its cells emit hazardous byproducts in the very same way that an automobile does. Antioxidants usually eliminate these and preserve the collagen fibers. When collagen concentrations are low, however, the cornea weakens and bulges. In case of emergencies, you can search for “best keratoconus specialist near me” to find the best keratoconus treatment in your area.

What is the root of the problem?

The specific cause of keratoconus is unknown. Some individuals, according to scientists, are much more genetically prone to acquire it from birth.

Several factors could be linked to keratoconus:

  • If somebody in your family has this ailment, you have a higher chance of developing it as well. If you have it, start getting your children’s eyes checked for indications around the age of ten.
  • Keratoconus typically starts when you’re a teenager. However, it may appear as early as infancy or not set in until you’re thirty years old. It can also afflict adults in their forties and fifties, but this is far less common.
  • Several illnesses have been medically linked to keratoconus, notably Down syndrome, Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, osteogenesis imperfecta, and retinitis pigmentosa.
  • Inflammation: allergies, asthma, and atopic eye illness can all cause aggravation in the cornea, which can lead to decomposition of corneal tissue.
  • Frequently rubbing your eyes too hard will wear down your corneas over time. This can hasten the progression of keratoconus if you have the condition already.
  • Individuals who are Black or Latino are nearly 50% more likely than White people to develop keratoconus, according to a study of over 16,000 people with the condition.

Is Keratoconus Harmful to Your Eyesight?

Without glasses or contact lenses, changes to the cornea might make it difficult for your eye to focus. In fact, if the problem becomes severe enough, you may require a corneal transplantation to regain your vision.

If you have keratoconus, laser eyesight restoration surgery (LASIK) is risky. It can damage your cornea even further, irreparably impairing your vision. Keratoconus sufferers should not undergo LASIK surgery, even if you have only a minor degree of keratoconus.

What Are the Signs and Symptoms?

Keratoconus initially affects your eyesight by distorting your vision. The protective coating of the cornea gets irregular as it deforms from a ball to a cone. Astigmatism that is irregular is referred to as irregular astigmatism. Your eyesight grows more nearsighted as the front increases. This means that you can only see objects clearly up close. Anything that is too far away appears to be a blur.

During an eye checkup, an eye specialist may notice the indications. You should also include symptoms such as:

  • When only one eye is open, you experience double vision
  • Objects that appear fuzzy, both close and far
  • Flashing lights that seem to be surrounded by haloes
  • Streaks of light
  • Triple “ghost” images
  • Driving is difficult due to blurry vision

If you experience one or more of these symptoms you should search for a “keratoconus dr near me” and schedule a visit. Let them know you’re concerned about keratoconus and the doctor will inform you about the medications and treatments you’ll require.

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